Misaq-e-Medina or Medina Charter: The world’s earliest known written constitution

The Medina Charter, written and promulgated by Prophet Muhammad for the multi-religious ten thousand-strong citizens of the city-state of Medina in 622 A.D is truly a remarkable political-constitutional document. The claim made by Professor M. Hamidullah that it was the first written constitution in the world is not without basis. Aristotle’s Constitution of Athens, written on papyrus, discovered by an American missionary in Egypt in 1890 and published in 1891, was not a constitution. It was an account of the constitution of the citystate of Athens. Other legal writings on…

70,000 Indian Muslim clerics issue fatwa against ISIS, the Taliban, Al-Qaeda and other terror groups

By Caroline Mortimer, Independent Dated: December 10, 2015 Nearly 70,000 Indian Muslim clerics have signed a fatwa against Isis and other terror groups. Clerics said the terror groups were ‘not Islamic organisations’ and said they were a threat to humanity Around 1.5 million Muslims visiting a shrine dedicated to a Sufi Islamic saint near the city of Ajmer in north western state of Rajasthan during the Urs religious festival have signed a petition against terrorist attacks. Mufti Mohammed Saleem Noori, one of the clerics who signed the fatwa, told the…