Islamic State Returnees: India’s Counter radicalization vs Deradicalization Approach

By Bibhu Prasad Routray Dated: June 2019 Abstract Punitive measures have been integral to the Indian approach towards people who have joined the Islamic State. The security establishment, however, adopts a much softer approach towards potential sympathizers and even towards those who have been prevented from leaving for Iraq and Syria. Counter-radicalization dominates government action. In view of the recent developments including the Easter Sunday bombings in Sri Lanka, should this policy be broadened in scope to embrace the benefits of de-radicalization? Should there be a scope for the de-radicalized…

The Islamic State in Kerala: A primer

By Kabir Taneja and Mohammed Sinan Siyech ORF Occasional Paper, October 2019 With a Muslim population of over 200 million, the third largest in the world next only to Indonesia and Pakistan, India was thought of by analysts to be fertile ground for the recruitment of foreign fighters for the Islamic State (IS). The country, however, has proven such analysts wrong by having only a handful of pro-IS cases so far. Of these cases, the majority have come from the southern state of Kerala. This paper offers an explanation for…

Who are the new jihadis?

By Olivier Roy, theguardian.com April 13, 2017 There is something new about the jihadi terrorist violence of the past two decades. Both terrorism and jihad have existed for many years, and forms of “globalised” terror – in which highly symbolic locations or innocent civilians are targeted, with no regard for national borders – go back at least as far as the anarchist movement of the late 19th century. What is unprecedented is the way that terrorists now deliberately pursue their own deaths. Over the past 20 years – from Khaled…

Understanding the Indian foreign fighter lacuna

By Mohammed Sinan Siyech Observer Research foundation (ORF) Dated: January 31,2020 In the aftermath of the Islamic State declaring itself in July 2014, it managed to mobilize more than 30,000 people who travelled to its strongholds in Iraq and Syria. Yet, apart from approximately 100 people (divided into a few batches), scarcely any people travelled to join the Islamic State abroad too. Most of the people who did travel to the conflict zones were from the southern state of Kerala with a few more from states like Maharashtra. Motivations for these…

Why Fewer Indians Have Joined ISIS

By Adil Rasheed, IDSA August 31,2020 Summary: Indian security experts often struggle to explain the causes for the very low number of Indian Muslims on the rolls of global jihadist groups like ISIS and al Qaeda, in spite of the country being home to the third-largest Muslim population in the world, a history of communal riots since Partition, a spate of terror attacks conducted by Pakistan-based and backed groups, and an intractable insurgency in the country’s only Muslim-dominated region of Kashmir. This issue brief not only collects and collates propositions attempting…

Ruthless activities of IS is against Islamic principles: Sheikh Aboobacker Ahmed, General Secretary of All India Sunni Jami’tul Ulama

Arab News, August 30,2014 The ISIS or their self proclaimed Khalifates/Islamic state does not represent Islam by any means, Sheikh Aboobacker Ahmed, general secretary of All India Sunni Jami’tulUlama, stated here. The statement added that they are not just anti-Islamic but are enemies of the humanity. Their ruthless activities against people in Iraq and Syria are not meant for helping Muslims but defame Islam, he added. Their so-called anti-Western interpretation of Islam is only aiming to serve their political agendas in the wider Muslim world, he said. Supporting their activities…

Fatwa issued from Indian Muslims against LeT Founder Hafiz Saeed

Prabhat Sharan, Benar News August 09,2017 Nearly a thousand Indian Muslim clerics have signed and issued a resolution condemning the alleged anti-India activities of Pakistan-based Hafiz Saeed, the founder of banned terror outfits Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD). Saeed is accused of masterminding a series of shooting and bomb attacks that lasted four days across Mumbai in November 2008, killing more than 170 people in India’s third deadliest terrorist attack. The 67-year-old has been under house arrest in Pakistan since late January. The fatwa, or decree, that was issued in…

Paigham e Pakistan

This unanimously agreed document titled “Paigham-ePakistan,” prepared in accordance with the injunctions of the Holy Qur’an, the Sunnah of the Prophet and the Constitution of Pakistan, reflects the collective thinking of the State of Pakistan. The Message identifies the problems faced by the State of Pakistan and provides basis to devise a strategy to achieve the goals of Objectives Resolution. Moreover, through this Message, Pakistan is being projected as a strong, united, developed, cultured and modern nation in the international community. This consensus based document shall be helpful to reconstruct…

Shia Cleric Ayatollah Ali Sistani calls to Fight against “Terrorists”

By Juan Cole, June 14, 2014 Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani, spiritual leader of most Iraqi Shiites, intervened forcefully in Iraqi politics on Thursday and Friday, giving his support to the national army and urging Iraqi men to volunteer to enlist and to fight the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). He termed the hyper-Sunni group, which has taken over the major northern city of Mosul, “terrorists.” Unlike Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, the head of the religious fundamentalist Da’wa Islamiyah (Islamic Mission) Party, Sistani did not call on private militias…

Saudi Arabia clerics step up Anti-Islamic State drive

By Amena Bakr, Reuters October 14,2014 Taking aim at Islamic State, Saudi Arabia has mounted a battle for hearts and minds at this year’s haj, warning pilgrims that the hardline group is “evil” and seeking to recruit their children to fight in Iraq and Syria. As millions of pilgrims visited the holiest sites in Islam on the second day of the annual pilgrimage on Saturday, global leaders condemned the fourth beheading of a Westerner by Islamic State insurgents. Saudi Arabia declared Islamic State a terrorist organisation in March and sharply…